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Identification of 2‑(2-(1-Naphthoyl)-8-fluoro-3,4-dihydro‑1H‑pyrido[4,3‑b]indol-5(2H)‑yl)acetic Acid (Setipiprant/ACT-129968), a Potent, Selective, and Orally Bioavailable Chemoattractant Receptor-Homologous Molecule Expressed on Th2 Cells (CRTH2) Antagonist

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journal contribution
posted on 27.06.2013, 00:00 by Heinz Fretz, Anja Valdenaire, Julien Pothier, Kurt Hilpert, Carmela Gnerre, Oliver Peter, Xavier Leroy, Markus A. Riederer
Herein we describe the discovery of the novel CRTh2 antagonist 2-(2-(1-naphthoyl)-8-fluoro-3,4-dihydro-1H-pyrido­[4,3-b]­indol-5­(2H)-yl)­acetic acid 28 (setipiprant/ACT-129968), a clinical development candidate for the treatment of asthma and seasonal allergic rhinitis. A lead optimization program was started based on the discovery of the recently disclosed CRTh2 antagonist 2-(2-benzoyl-3,4-dihydro-1H-pyrido­[4,3-b]­indol-5­(2H)-yl)­acetic acid 5. An already favorable and druglike profile could be assessed for lead compound 5. Therefore, the lead optimization program mainly focused on the improvement in potency and oral bioavailability. Data of newly synthesized analogs were collected from in vitro pharmacological, physicochemical, in vitro ADME, and in vivo pharmacokinetic studies in the rat and the dog. The data were then analyzed using a traffic light selection tool as a visualization device in order to evaluate and prioritize candidates displaying a balanced overall profile. This data-driven process and the excellent results of the PK study in the rat (F = 44%) and the dog (F = 55%) facilitated the identification of 28 as a potent (IC50 = 6 nM), selective, and orally available CRTh2 antagonist.

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