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Hydrogen Bond versus Anti-Hydrogen Bond:  A Comparative Analysis Based on the Electron Density Topology

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journal contribution
posted on 1999-07-27, 00:00 authored by E. Cubero, M. Orozco, P. Hobza, F. J. Luque
The theory of atoms in molecules is used to examine the nature of anti-hydrogen bond (anti-H bond) interaction. Contrary to what is found in normal hydrogen bond (H bond) complexes, which are characterized by lengthening of the X−H bond and a red shift of its stretching frequency, the anti-H bond leads to a shortening of the X−H bond length and a blue shift of its vibrational frequency. The topological properties of the electron density have been determined for a series of C−H···π complexes, which exhibit either anti-H bond or normal H bond character, as well as for the complexes C6H5F···HCCl3 and C6H6···HF, which are representative cases of anti- and normal H bonds. Inspection of the set of topological criteria utilized to characterize conventional H bonds shows no relevant difference in the two classes of H···π complexes. Analysis of the results suggests that the specific features of the anti-H bond originates from the redistribution of electron density in the C−H bond induced upon complexation, which in turn evidences the different response − dispersion versus electrostatic− of the interacting monomer for stabilizing the complex.

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