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Hydrogen Addition to (pincer)IrI(CO) Complexes: The Importance of Steric and Electronic Factors

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journal contribution
posted on 07.10.2016, 14:02 by Jonathan M. Goldberg, Sophia D. T. Cherry, Louise M. Guard, Werner Kaminsky, Karen I. Goldberg, D. Michael Heinekey
(POCOP)­IrI(CO) [POCOP = κ3-C6H3-2,6-(OPR2)2 for R = tBu, iPr] and (PCP)­IrI(CO) [PCP = κ3-C6H3-2,6-(CH2PR2)2 for R = tBu and iPr] complexes can add hydrogen via two distinct pathways. When R = tBu, (POCOP)­Ir­(CO) and (PCP)­Ir­(CO) complexes only add hydrogen via a proton-catalyzed pathway due to steric effects, yielding trans-dihydride complexes. For R = iPr, both systems oxidatively add hydrogen to give cis-dihydride complexes which thermally isomerize to more thermodynamically favorable trans-dihydride species, consistent with previous reports. Proton-catalyzed hydrogen addition pathways are also observed for both iPr-substituted (pincer)­Ir­(CO) complexes. (PCP)­Ir­(CO) complexes add hydrogen under milder conditions than the analogous POCOP species. Intermediate hydrido-pyridine Ir­(III) carbonyl complexes from the proton-catalyzed pathway have been synthesized and characterized. This is the first report of a series of complexes shown to add hydrogen via concerted oxidative addition or a proton-catalyzed pathway to the same iridium center.