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Hydroflux Crystal Growth of Platinum Group Metal Hydroxides: Sr6NaPd2(OH)17, Li2Pt(OH)6, Na2Pt(OH)6, Sr2Pt(OH)8, and Ba2Pt(OH)8

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journal contribution
posted on 19.02.2016, 14:49 authored by Daniel E. Bugaris, Mark D. Smith, Hans-Conrad zur Loye
Crystals of five complex metal hydroxides containing platinum group metals were grown by a novel low-temperature hydroflux technique, a hybrid approach between the aqueous hydrothermal and the molten hydroxide flux techniques. Sr6NaPd2(OH)17 (1) crystallizes in orthorhombic space group Pbcn with lattice parameters a = 19.577(4) Å, b = 13.521(3) Å, and c = 6.885(1) Å. This compound has a three-dimensional framework structure with Sr­(OH)n polyhedra, Na­(OH)6 octahedra, and Pd­(OH)4 square planes. Isostructural phases Li2Pt­(OH)6 (2) and Na2Pt­(OH)6 (3) crystallize in trigonal space group P-3 with lattice parameters of a = 5.3406(8) Å and c = 4.5684(9) Å and a = 5.7984(8) Å and c = 4.6755(9) Å, respectively. Structures of these materials consist of layers of A­(OH)6 (A = Li (2), Na (3)) and Pt­(OH)6 octahedra. Sr2Pt­(OH)8 (4) crystallizes in monoclinic space group P21/c with lattice parameters a = 5.9717(6) Å, b = 10.997(1) Å, c = 6.0158(6) Å, and β = 113.155(2)°, while Ba2Pt­(OH)8 (5) crystallizes in orthorhombic space group Pbca with lattice parameters a = 8.574(2) Å, b = 8.673(2) Å, and c = 10.276(2) Å. Both of these compounds have three-dimensional structures composed of Pt­(OH)6 octahedra surrounded by either Sr­(OH)8 or Ba­(OH)9 polyhedra. Decomposition of these materials into condensed metal oxides, which is of importance to possible catalytic applications, was monitored via thermogravimetric analysis. For example, Na2Pt­(OH)6 (3) converts cleanly via dehydration into α-Na2PtO3.