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Hydration Structure of the Ti(III) Cation as Revealed by Pulse EPR and DFT Studies: New Insights into a Textbook Case

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journal contribution
posted on 21.03.2011, 00:00 by Sara Maurelli, Stefano Livraghi, Mario Chiesa, Elio Giamello, Sabine Van Doorslaer, Cristiana Di Valentin, Gianfranco Pacchioni
The 17O and 1H hyperfine interactions of water ligands in the Ti(III) aquo complex in a frozen solution were determined using Hyperfine Sublevel Correlation (HYSCORE) and Pulse Electron Nuclear Double Resonance (ENDOR) spectroscopies at 9.5 GHz. The isotropic hyperfine interaction (hfi) constant of the water ligand 17O was found to be about 7.5 MHz. 1H Single Matched Resonance Transfer (SMART) HYSCORE spectra allowed resolution of the hfi interactions of the two inequivalent water ligand protons and the relative orientations of their hfi tensors. The magnetic and geometrical parameters extracted from the experiments were compared with the results of DFT computations for different geometrical arrangements of the water ligands around the cation. The theoretical observable properties (g tensor 1H and 17O hfi tensors and their orientations) of the [Ti(H2O)6]3+ complex are in quantitative agreement with the experiments for two slightly different geometrical arrangements associated with D3d and Ci symmetries.