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Hyalase-Mediated Cascade Degradation of a Matrix Barrier and Immune Cell Penetration by a Photothermal Microneedle for Efficient Anticancer Therapy

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journal contribution
posted on 01.06.2021, 20:06 by Ting He, Yu Luo, Qin Zhang, Zening Men, Tong Su, Linpeng Fan, Hangrong Chen, Teng Shen
For melanoma with high lethality and metastasis rate, traditional therapy has limited effects; local photothermal therapy (PTT) synergetic with immune therapy for cancer treatment can perhaps improve the situation. However, because of the natural existence of the tumor matrix barrier, the penetration depth of drugs and immune cells often dampens the efficacy of cancer treatment. Herein, we report an innovative synergetic PTT and immune therapy through dissolving microneedles for the codelivery of the hyaluronidase-modified semiconductor polymer nanoparticles containing poly­(cyclopentadithiophene-alt-benzothiadiazole) and immune adjuvant polyinosinic–polycytidylic acid (PIC). Benefiting from the dissolution of an extracellular matrix of hyaluronidase, the semiconductor polymer nanoparticles and PIC penetrate the tumor deeply, under synergetic therapy with PTT, activating the immune cells and enhancing the T-cell immune response for inhibition of tumor growth and metastasis. This study provides a promising platform for effective melanoma treatment and a novel strategy to overcome the stromal barrier.