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Host–Guest Assembly of H‑Bonding Networks in Covalent Organic Frameworks for Ultrafast and Anhydrous Proton Transfer

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journal contribution
posted on 29.07.2021, 11:33 authored by Xiaowei Wu, Ziya Liu, Hu Guo, You-lee Hong, Bingqing Xu, Kun Zhang, Yusuke Nishiyama, Wei Jiang, Satoshi Horike, Susumu Kitagawa, Gen Zhang
An anhydrous proton conductor represents a key material for the manufacture of high-energy electrical devices. Incorporation of proton carriers into the vacancies of the porous solid provides an effective method for their preparation, but the weak or even no interactions between the ion carriers and the porous solids causing a serious leaking of ion carriers result in trade-off of long-term conductivity. In this term, we developed a host–guest supramolecular chemistry-induced strategy to assemble hydrogen bond networks along the 1D nanochannels of covalent organic frameworks (COFs) for ultrafast and anhydrous proton transfer (1.33 × 10–2 S cm–1 at 140 °C). Solid-state NMR was applied to explore guest interaction between protic ionic liquids (PILs) and the COFs to investigate the proton transport mechanism. This work presents an excellent example of accumulation of PILs into the nanochannels of COFs for anhydrous proton conduction at high temperature, demonstrating great advantages of COFs to serve as a supramolecular host for holding/transiting ions in the solid state.