American Chemical Society
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Horseradish Peroxidase Functionalized Fluorescent Gold Nanoclusters for Hydrogen Peroxide Sensing

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journal contribution
posted on 2011-02-15, 00:00 authored by Fang Wen, Yanhua Dong, Lu Feng, Song Wang, Sichun Zhang, Xinrong Zhang
The fluorescence of metal nanoclusters provides an amusing optic feature to be applied in various fields. However, rational design of dual functional fluorescent metal nanoclusters directed by active enzyme with targeted application remains little explored. In this work, we report a new strategy to construct enzyme functionalized fluorescent gold nanoclusters via a biomineralization process for the detection of hydrogen peroxide. Horseradish peroxidase (HRP) was used as a model functional template to direct the synthesis of fluorescent gold nanoclusters (Au NCs) at physiological conditions to form HRP−Au NCs bioconjugates. We found that the fluorescence of HRP−Au NCs can be quenched quantitatively by adding H2O2, indicating that HRP enzyme remains active and enables catalytic reaction of HRP−Au NCs and H2O2. Upon the addition of H2O2 under optimal conditions, the fluorescence intensity quenched linearly over the range of 100 nM to 100 μM with high sensitivity (LOD = 30 nM, S/N = 3). This study would be potentially extended to other functional proteins to generate dual functional nanoclusters and applied to real time monitoring of biologically important targets in living cells.