American Chemical Society
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Homoleptic, Four-Coordinate Azadipyrromethene Complexes of d10 Zinc and Mercury

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journal contribution
posted on 2008-04-07, 00:00 authored by Thomas S. Teets, David V. Partyka, James B. Updegraff, Thomas G. Gray
Tetraarylazadipyrromethenes, and especially their boron chelates, are a growing class of chromophores that are photoactive toward red light. The coordination chemistry of these ligands remains to be explored. Reported here are four-coordinate zinc(II) and mercury(II) complexes of tetraarylazadipyrromethene ligands. The new complexes contain two azadipyrromethenes bound per d10 metal center and are characterized by 1H NMR, optical absorption spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction crystallography, and elemental analysis. Solid-state structures show that these bis-chelate complexes distort significantly from idealized D2d symmetry. AM1 geometry optimizations indicate relaxation energies in the range of 6.8–15.2 kcal mol−1; interligand π-stacking provides an added energetic impetus for distortion. The absorption spectra show a marked increase in the absorption intensity in the red region and, in the case of the zinc(II) complexes, the development of a second distinct absorption band in this region, which is red-shifted by ca. 40–50 nm relative to the free ligand. Semiempirical INDO/S computations indicate that these low-energy optical absorptions derive from allowed excitations among ligand-based orbitals that derive from the highest occupied molecular orbital and lowest unoccupied molecular orbital of the free azadipyrromethene.