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Highly Sensitive Naphthalimide-Based Fluorescence Polarization Probe for Detecting Cancer Cells

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journal contribution
posted on 13.05.2015, 00:00 by Ti Jia, Congying Fu, Chusen Huang, Haotian Yang, Nengqin Jia
Fluorescence polarization (FP)-based signal is a self-referencing fluorescence signal, and it is less dependent on dye concentration and environmental interferences, which makes FP measurement an attractive alternative sensing technology to fluorescence intensity-based detection. However, most of the fluorescence polarization probes were constructed by introducing fluorescein, rhodamine, and cyanine dyes, which have relatively shorter excited-state lifetimes compared with BODIPY and naphthalimide dyes. Herein, a first naphthalimide based fluorescence polarization probe (BIO) was designed and synthesized for selective and direct detection of cancer cells. The relatively longer excited-state lifetimes and high photostability of naphthalimide makes BIO more sensitive and accuracy in quantitative determination of HeLa cells in homogeneous solution without cell lysis and further separation steps. The detection limit of BIO for HeLa cells was about 85 cells mL–1, the linear range was from 2.5 × 102 cells mL–1 to 1 × 106 cells mL–1 and the response time is no more than 25 min. Moreover, due to the relatively high photostability of naphthalimide, BIO was particularly suitable for live cell imaging under continuous irradiation with confocal microscopy, and the specific interaction of BIO with CD44-overexpressing cell lines was clearly visualized. Importantly, this BIO based sensing platform offers a direct and real-time tool for cancer cell diagnosis when complemented with the use of naphthalimide-based fluorescence polarization probe.