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Highly Sensitive Immunoassay for the Diagnosis of Acute Myocardial Infarction Using Silica Spheres Encapsulating a Quantum Dot Layer

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journal contribution
posted on 21.10.2014, 00:00 by Hyojeong Han, Jae-Chul Pyun, Hyein Yoo, Hong Seog Seo, Byung Hwa Jung, Young Sook Yoo, Kyoungja Woo, Min-Jung Kang
Commercial ELISA kits for substance P (SubP), which are helpful for the clinical diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction, are limited in efficacy because of low sensitivity. A highly sensitive immunoassay was developed using silica spheres encapsulating a quantum dot-layer (SQS) and labeling antibodies, on a Parylene A-modified plate. The high sensitivity was possible by taking advantage of the enhanced photoluminescence of the SQS and dense immobilization of SubP on a Parylene A-modified plate. Glutaraldehyde was used for cross-linking of SQS to the anti-SubP antibody and SubP to the Parylene A coating. The SQS-linked immunosorbent assay (SQSLISA) was optimized and validated. The dynamic range for the assay was 1–10000 pg/mL with a linear correlation factor of 0.9992 when the competitive SQSLISA was employed. The intra- and interday accuracies were 93–100% and 87–122%, respectively. The reproducibility was lower than 11%. The developed method was applied to clinical samples collected from healthy controls (n = 30) and acute myocardial infarction (n = 16) and it displayed a high correlation with the commercial ELISA kit, with a limit of detection that was 30-fold lower. Clinical sample analysis confirmed that SubP is a promising diagnostic marker for acute myocardial infarction. The SQSLISA is expected to be a practical and useful assay tool.