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Highly Self-Healable 3D Microsupercapacitor with MXene–Graphene Composite Aerogel

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journal contribution
posted on 12.04.2018, 00:00 by Yang Yue, Nishuang Liu, Yanan Ma, Siliang Wang, Weijie Liu, Cheng Luo, Hang Zhang, Feng Cheng, Jiangyu Rao, Xiaokang Hu, Jun Su, Yihua Gao
High-performance microsupercapacitors (MSCs) with three-dimensional (3D) structure provide an effective approach to improve the ability of energy storage. Because the electrodes with 3D structure are generally easily destroyed under mechanical deformation in practical applications, we fabricated a self-healable 3D MSC consisting of MXene (Ti3C2Tx)–graphene (reduced graphene oxide, rGO) composite aerogel electrode by wrapping it with a self-healing polyurethane as an outer shell. The MXene–rGO composite aerogel combining large specific surface area of rGO and high conductivity of the MXene can not only prevent the self-restacking of the lamella structure but also resist the poor oxidization of MXene to a degree. The MSC based on a 3D MXene–rGO aerogel delivers a large area specific capacitance of 34.6 mF cm–2 at a scan rate of 1 mV s–1 and an outstanding cycling performance with a capacitance retention up to 91% over 15 000 cycles. The 3D MSC presents an excellent self-healing ability with specific capacitance retention of 81.7% after the fifth healing. The preparation of this self-healable 3D MSC can provide a method for designing and manufacturing next-generation long-life multifunctional electronic devices further to meet the requirements of sustainable development.