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Highly Selective and Sensitive Detection of Biogenic Defense Phytohormone Salicylic Acid in Living Cells and Plants Using a Novel and Viable Rhodamine-Functionalized Fluorescent Probe

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posted on 2020-04-06, 17:17 authored by Lin-Lin Yang, Si-Yan Zou, Yi-Hong Fu, Wen Li, Xiao-Peng Wen, Pei-Yi Wang, Zhen-Chao Wang, Gui-Ping Ouyang, Zhong Li, Song Yang
Detecting plant-derived signal molecules using fluorescent probes is a key topic and a huge challenge for scientists. Salicylic acid (SA), a vital plant-derived defense hormone, can activate global transcriptional reprogramming to systemically express a network of prominent pathogenesis-related proteins against invasive microorganisms. This strategy is called systemic acquired resistance (SAR). Therefore, monitoring the dynamic fluctuations of SA in subcellular microenvironments can advance our understanding of different physiological and pathological functions during the SA-induced SAR mechanism, thus benefiting the discovery and development of novel immune activators that contribute to crop protection. Here, detection of signaling molecule SA in plant callus tissues was first reported and conducted by a simple non-fluorescent rhodamine-tagged architecture bearing a flexible 2-amino-N,N-dimethylacetamide pattern. This study can markedly advance and promote the usage of fluorescent SA probes for distinguishing SA in the plant kingdom.

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