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Highly Electrocatalytic, Durable, and Stretchable Nanohybrid Fiber for On-Body Sweat Glucose Detection

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journal contribution
posted on 27.02.2019, 00:00 by Phan Tan Toi, Tran Quang Trung, Thi My Linh Dang, Chan Wool Bae, Nae-Eung Lee
A conformal patch biosensor that can detect biomolecules is one promising technology for wearable sweat glucose self-monitoring. However, developing such a patch is challenging because conferring stretchability to its components is difficult. Herein, we demonstrate a platform for a nonenzymatic, electrochemical sensor patch: a wrinkled, stretchable, nanohybrid fiber (WSNF) in which Au nanowrinkles partially cover the reduced graphene oxide (rGO)/polyurethane composite fiber. The WSNF has high electrocatalytic activity because of synergetic effects between the Au nanowrinkles and the oxygen-containing functional groups on the rGO-supporting matrix which promote the dehydrogenation step in glucose oxidation. The WSNF offers stretchability, high sensitivity, low detection limit, high selectivity against interferents, and high ambient-condition stability, and it can detect glucose in neutral conditions. If this WSNF sensor patch were sewn onto a stretchable fabric and attached to the human body, it could continuously measure glucose levels in sweat to accurately reflect blood glucose levels.