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Highly Dispersed CeO2 on TiO2 Nanotube: A Synergistic Nanocomposite with Superior Peroxidase-Like Activity

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journal contribution
posted on 01.04.2015, 00:00 by Hui Zhao, Yuming Dong, Pingping Jiang, Guangli Wang, Jingjing Zhang
In this report, a novel nanocomposite of highly dispersed CeO2 on a TiO2 nanotube was designed and proposed as a peroxidase-like mimic. The best peroxidase-like activity was obtained for the CeO2/nanotube-TiO2 when the molar ratio of Ce/Ti was 0.1, which was much higher than that for CeO2/nanowire-TiO2, CeO2/nanorod-TiO2, or CeO2/nanoparticle-TiO2 with a similar molar ratio of Ce/Ti. Moreover, in comparison with other nanomaterial based peroxidase mimics, CeO2/nanotube-TiO2 nanocomposites exhibited higher affinity to H2O2 and 3,3′,5,5′-tetramethylbenzidine (TMB). Kinetic analysis indicated that the catalytic behavior was in accordance with typical Michaelis–Menten kinetics. Ce3+ sites were confirmed as the catalytic active sites for the catalytic reaction. The first interaction of surface CeO2 with H2O2 chemically changed the surface state of CeO2 by transforming Ce3+ sites into surface peroxide species causing adsorbed TMB oxidation. Compared with CeO2/nanowire-TiO2, CeO2/nanorod-TiO2, and CeO2/nanoparticle-TiO2, the combination of TiO2 nanotube with CeO2 presented the highest concentration of Ce3+ thus leading to the best peroxidase-like activity. On the basis of the high activity of CeO2/nanotube-TiO2, the reaction provides a simple method for colorimetric detection of H2O2 and glucose with the detection limits of 3.2 and 6.1 μM, respectively.