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Highly Conductive Nucleotide Analogue Facilitates Base-Calling in Quantum-Tunneling-Based DNA Sequencing

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journal contribution
posted on 28.05.2019, 00:00 by Takafumi Furuhata, Takahito Ohshiro, Gaku Akimoto, Ryosuke Ueki, Masateru Taniguchi, Shinsuke Sando
Quantum-tunneling-based DNA sequencing is a single molecular technology that has great potential for achieving facile and high-throughput DNA sequencing. In principle, the sequence of DNA could be read out by the time trace of the tunnel current that can be changed according to molecular conductance of nucleobases passing through nanosized gap electrodes. However, efficient base-calling of four genetic alphabets has been seriously impeded due to the similarity of molecular conductance among canonical nucleotides. In this article, we demonstrate that replacement of canonical 2′-deoxyadenosine (dA) with a highly conductive dA analogue, 7-deaza dA, could expand the difference of molecular conductance between four genetic alphabets. Additionally, systematic evaluation of molecular conductance using a series of dA and dG analogues revealed that molecular conductance of the nucleotide is highly dependent on the HOMO level. Thus, the present study demonstrating that signal characteristics of the nucleotide can be modulated based on the HOMO level provides a widely applicable chemical approach and insight for facilitation of single molecular sensing as well as DNA sequencing based on quantum tunneling.