Highly Active [Pd(μ-Cl)(Cl)(NHC)]2 (NHC = N-Heterocyclic Carbene) in the Cross-Coupling of Grignard Reagents with Aryl Chlorides
journal contributionposted on 2009-05-11, 00:00 authored by Caroline E. Hartmann, Steven P. Nolan, Catherine S. J. Cazin
Cross-coupling reactions of Grignard reagents with functionalized aryl, heteroaryl, and sterically hindered aryl chlorides are reported. A protocol disclosing the coupling of a wide range of substrates using complexes of the type [Pd(μ-Cl)(Cl)(NHC)]2 (NHC = N-heterocyclic carbene) as precatalysts (at low catalyst loading) under mild conditions is presented. The system allows for the synthesis of highly sterically hindered products, including tri- and tetra-ortho-substituted biaryls.