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Highly Accurate Excited-State Structure of [Os(bpy)2dcbpy]2+ Determined by X‑ray Transient Absorption Spectroscopy

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journal contribution
posted on 18.06.2014, 00:00 by Xiaoyi Zhang, Sophie E. Canton, Grigory Smolentsev, Carl-Johan Wallentin, Yizhu Liu, Qingyu Kong, Klaus Attenkofer, Andrew. B. Stickrath, Michael W. Mara, Lin X. Chen, Kenneth Wärnmark, Villy Sundström
Determining the electronic and geometric structures of photoexcited transient species with high accuracy is crucial for understanding their fundamental photochemistry and controlling their photoreactivity. We have applied X-ray transient absorption spectroscopy to measure the XANES and EXAFS spectra of a dilute (submillimolar) solution of the osmium­(II) polypyridyl complex [Os­(bpy)2dcbpy]­(PF6)2 (dcbpy = 4,4′-dicarboxy-2,2′-bipyridine) (OsL2L′) in methanol at the Os LIII edge. We have obtained spectra of superb quality for both the ground state and the photoinduced 3MLCT excited state that have allowed us not only to extract detailed information about the Os 5d orbitals but also to resolve very small differences of 0.010 ± 0.008 Å in the average Os–N bond lengths of the ground and excited states. Theoretical calculations using a recently developed DFT-based approach support the measured electronic structures and further identify the nature of the molecular orbitals that contribute to the main absorption bands in the XANES spectra.