American Chemical Society
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High Thermoelectric Properties of n‑Type AgBiSe2

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journal contribution
posted on 2016-02-19, 14:14 authored by Lin Pan, David Bérardan, Nita Dragoe
We report on the thermoelectric (TE) performance of intrinsic n-type AgBiSe2, a Pb-free material with more earth-abundant and cheaper elements than intrinsic p-type homologous AgSbTe2. Pb doping changes n-type AgBiSe2 to p-type but leads to poor electrical transport properties. Nb doping enhances the TE properties of n-type AgBiSe2 by increasing the carrier concentration. As a result of the intrinsically low thermal conductivity (0.7 W m–1 K–1), low electrical resistivity (5.2 mΩ cm), and high absolute Seebeck coefficient (−218 μV/K), the TE figure of merit (ZT) at 773 K is significantly increased from 0.5 for solid-state-synthesized pristine AgBiSe2 to 1 for Ag0.96Nb0.04BiSe2, which makes it a promising n-type candidate for medium-temperature TE applications.