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High Spin to Charge Conversion Efficiency in Electron Beam-Evaporated Topological Insulator Bi2Se3

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journal contribution
posted on 17.11.2020, 02:29 by Braj Bhusan Singh, Sukanta Kumar Jena, Manisha Samanta, Kanishka Biswas, Subhankar Bedanta
Bi2Se3 is a well-established topological insulator (TI) having spin momentum locked Dirac surface states at room temperature and predicted to exhibit high spin to charge conversion efficiency (SCCE) for spintronics applications. The SCCE in TIs is characterized by an inverse Edelstein effect length (λIREE). We report an λIREE of ∼0.36 nm, which is the highest ever observed in Bi2Se3. Here, we performed spin pumping and inverse spin Hall effect (ISHE) in an electron beam-evaporated Bi2Se3/CoFeB bilayer. The Bi2Se3 thickness dependence of λIREE, perpendicular surface anisotropy (KS), spin mixing conductance, and spin Hall angle confirmed that spin to charge conversion is due to spin momentum locked Dirac surface states. We propose that the role of surface states in SCCE can be understood by the evaluation of KS. The SCCE is found to be high when the value of KS is small.