American Chemical Society
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High Positive Seebeck Coefficient of Aqueous I/I3 Thermocells Based on Host–Guest Interactions and LCST Behavior of PEGylated α‑Cyclodextrin

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journal contribution
posted on 2021-05-03, 19:13 authored by Yimin Liang, Joseph Ka-Ho Hui, Masa-aki Morikawa, Hirotaka Inoue, Teppei Yamada, Nobuo Kimizuka
The high Seebeck coefficient of an I/I3 thermocell was achieved by introducing host molecule PEGylated α-cyclodextrin (TEG-α-CD), which showed thermally induced phase transition. The host captures I3 at the cold side of the thermocell, which increased Se up to +2.4 mV/K. Notably, the maximum Se value of +4.2 mV/K was observed in the temperature range between 31 and 37 °C, which was achieved as a consequence of the phase transition between a hydrophilic phase to a hydrophobic phase. At the lower temperature side of the thermocell, the host effectively captures the I3 anion. Meanwhile, microphase separation of TEG-α-CD occurred at the higher temperature side, which promoted the dissociation of I3. This resulted in a large concentration gap of electrochemically active I3 ions in between the electrodes. The power density determined for the thermoelectric cell was doubled in the presence of TEG-α-CD. This result provides a practical means to design n-type thermocells showing positive Se, only from low-molecular-weight compounds.