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High Efficiency Quantum Dot Sensitized Solar Cells Based on Direct Adsorption of Quantum Dots on Photoanodes

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journal contribution
posted on 16.06.2017, 00:00 by Wenran Wang, Guocan Jiang, Juan Yu, Wei Wang, Zhenxiao Pan, Naoki Nakazawa, Qing Shen, Xinhua Zhong
Unambiguously direct adsorption (DA) of initial oil-soluble quantum dots (QDs) on TiO2 film electrode is a convenient and simple approach in the construction of quantum dot sensitized solar cells (QDSCs). Regrettably, low QD loading amount and poor reproducibility shadow the advantages of DA route and constrain its practical application. Herein, the influence of experimental variables in DA process on QD loading amount as well as on the photovoltaic performance of the resultant QDSCs was investigated and optimized systematically, including the choice of solvent, purification of QDs, and sensitization time, as well as QD concentration. Experimental results demonstrated that it is essential to choose appropriate solvent as well as control purification cycles of original QD suspensions so as to realize satisfactory QD loading amount and ensure the high reproducibility. In addition, DA mode renders efficient electron injection from QD to TiO2, yet low QD loading amount and adverse QD agglomeration in comparison with the well-developed capping ligand induced self-assembly (CLIS) deposition approach. Mg2+ treatment on TiO2 photoanodes can promote the QD loading amount in DA mode. The optimized QDSCs based on DA mode exhibited efficiencies of 6.90% and 9.02% for CdSe and Zn–Cu–In–Se QDSCs, respectively, which were comparable to the best results based on CLIS mode (6.88% and 9.56%, respectively).