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High Efficiency Non-fullerene Organic Tandem Photovoltaics Based on Ternary Blend Subcells

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journal contribution
posted on 26.11.2018, 00:00 by Wenchao Huang, Sheng-Yung Chang, Pei Cheng, Dong Meng, Bowen Zhu, Selbi Nuryyeva, Chenhui Zhu, Lijun Huo, Zhaohui Wang, Mingkui Wang, Yang Yang
The application of tandem structure that integrates multiple subcells into one device is a promising way to realize high efficiency organic solar cells. However, current-matching among different subcells remains as the main challenge for organic tandem photovoltaics. Here, we provide a facile approach to achieve a good current matching via engineering the chemical composition of non-fullerene ternary blend subcells. For the front subcell, a ternary blend of PDBT-T1:TPH-Se:ITIC is selected due to its good thermal stability. The amorphous nature of TPH-Se can sufficiently suppress the unfavorable phase separation of blends during the heat treatment, enabling a sintering in the fabrication of high quality interconnecting layer. A double-junction tandem device is fabricated with a rear subcell consisting of PBDB-T:ITIC. After the optimization of the chemical composition of the front subcell, the power conversion efficiency (PCE) of double-junction tandem device increased from 10.6% using PDBT-T1:TPH-Se binary front subcell to 11.5% using PDBT-T1:TPH-Se:ITIC (1:0.9:0.1) ternary front subcell due to better current matching. In order to further enhance the light absorption in the near-infrared region, a third junction PBDTTT-EFT:IEICO-4F is introduced. The champion cell of triple-junction non-fullerene tandem solar cell achieves a PCE of 13.0% with a high open circuit voltage of 2.52 V.