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High-Yield Biosynthesis of Glucosylglycerol through Coupling Phosphorolysis and Transglycosylation Reactions

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journal contribution
posted on 11.12.2020, 19:36 by Tong Zhang, Jiangang Yang, Chaoyu Tian, Chenxi Ren, Peng Chen, Yan Men, Yuanxia Sun
Glucosylglycerol is a powerful osmolyte that has attracted attention as a useful moisturizing ingredient in the cosmetic industry. This study demonstrates two artificially designed synthetic routes for manufacturing glucosylglycerol by combining phosphorolysis and transglycosylation reactions. The overall Gibbs energy change of the synthetic routes was negative, indicating that they are thermodynamically favorable. In vitro biosystems were constructed through combining the phosphorolysis ability of sucrose/maltose phosphorylase and the transglycosylation capacity of glucosylglycerol phosphorylases from different organisms. A near-stoichiometric conversion of sucrose and glycerol with a high product yield of 98% was achieved under optimal reaction conditions. The large-scale glucosylglycerol production of this biosystem was investigated under a high concentration of substrates (2 mol/L sucrose and 2.4 mol/L glycerol), and the titer reached 1.78 mol/L (452 g/L) with a productivity of 24.3 g/L/h. To the best of our knowledge, this value presented the highest glucosylglycerol production level until now, which indicated a great industrial application potential for glucosylglycerol manufacturing.