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High-Voltage Layered Manganese-Based Oxide Cathode with Excellent Rate Capability Enabled by K/F Co-doping

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-02-06, 16:04 authored by Rihuang Nie, Hongxia Chen, Yutian Yang, Cheng Li, Hongming Zhou
P-type layered manganese-based materials are prone to undergo lattice oxygen oxidation accompanied by oxygen layer slipping and even unfavorable phase transitions at around 4.2 V, giving rise to rapid discharge capacity decline and inferior structural stability, which restricts their operating voltage and energy density. Here we propose a modification strategy for layered Na0.67MnO2 material with K/F co-doping so as to reach the optimization of lattice oxygen oxidation behavior and structural stability at a high cut-off voltage of 4.4 V. Combining X-ray powder diffraction refinement results, ex situ X-ray photoelectron spectrometry analysis, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy, and electrochemical characterization, our work demonstrates that an appropriate amount of K/F co-doping has a favorable effect on the formation of well-reversible lattice oxygen oxidation behavior and the improvement of Na layer spacing. Owing to the synergetic effect of potassium and fluorine atoms, the initial discharge capacity is up to 210.2 mA h g–1 at 0.1 C and 140.2 mA h g–1 at 1 C with 73% capacity retention after 100 cycles and high discharge capacity of 115.0 mA h g–1 at 5 C, with 68.1 mA h g–1 retained after 200 cycles. The kinetic analysis shows that the optimal K0.05Na0.62MnO1.95F0.05 sample exhibits the largest sodium ion diffusion coefficient and the smallest electrochemical polarization, which paves a novel path for the application of layered manganese-based oxides in high-voltage cathode materials for sodium-ion batteries.

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