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High-Performance Visible-Blind UV Phototransistors Based on n‑Type Naphthalene Diimide Nanomaterials

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journal contribution
posted on 2018-03-21, 00:00 authored by Inho Song, Seung-Chul Lee, Xiaobo Shang, Jaeyong Ahn, Hoon-Joo Jung, Chan-Uk Jeong, Sang-Wook Kim, Woojin Yoon, Hoseop Yun, O-Pil Kwon, Joon Hak Oh
This study investigates the performance of single-crystalline nanomaterials of wide-band gap naphthalene diimide (NDI) derivatives with methylene-bridged aromatic side chains. Such materials are found to be easily used as high-performance, visible-blind near-UV light detectors. NDI single-crystalline nanoribbons are assembled using a simple solution-based process (without solvent-inclusion problems), which is then applied to organic phototransistors (OPTs). Such OPTs exhibit excellent n-channel transistor characteristics, including an average electron mobility of 1.7 cm2 V–1 s–1, sensitive UV detection properties with a detection limit of ∼1 μW cm–2, millisecond-level responses, and detectivity as high as 1015 Jones, demonstrating the highly sensitive organic visible-blind UV detectors. The high performance of our OPTs originates from the large face-to-face π–π stacking area between the NDI semiconducting cores, which is facilitated by methylene-bridged aromatic side chains. Interestingly, NDI-based nanoribbon OPTs exhibit a distinct visible-blind near-UV detection with an identical detection limit, even under intense visible light illumination (for example, 104 times higher intensity than UV light intensity). Our findings demonstrate that wide-band gap NDI-based nanomaterials are highly promising for developing high-performance visible-blind UV photodetectors. Such photodetectors could potentially be used for various applications including environmental and health-monitoring systems.

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