High-Performance Ti/IrO2–RhOx–Ta2O5 Electrodes for Polarity Reversal Applications
journal contributionposted on 2021-03-15, 08:45 authored by Huachang Jin, Yue Zhang, Xuejiao Zhang, Yang Yu, Xueming Chen
Electrode polarity reversal has been widely employed to inhibit membrane fouling and induce scale detachment during electrodialysis and electrochemical precipitation, respectively. However, frequent polarity reversal shortens the lifetime of traditional dimensionally stable anodes. In this study, a novel titanium electrode that employed a ternary iridium, tantalum, and rhodium oxide mixture (IrO2–RhOx–Ta2O5) as an active electrocatalyst film was investigated for polarity reversal applications. It was found that the Ti/IrO2–RhOx–Ta2O5 electrode with an Ir/Rh/Ta molar ratio of 3:3:4 had a service lifetime of 1030 h in a 20 g L–1 Na2SO4 solution at a current density of 2000 A m–2 and a polarity reversal frequency of 12 h–1. In contrast, a Ti/IrO2–Ta2O5 electrode with an Ir/Ta molar ratio of 6:4 under the same conditions exhibited a service lifetime of only 275 h. Physicochemical characterization revealed that the IrO2–RhOx–Ta2O5 film has a compact microstructure, solid solution characteristics, and contains both Rh3+ and Rh4+ which contributes to the stability during polarity reversal. Moreover, the Ti/IrO2–RhOx–Ta2O5 electrode showed better chlorine evolution performance than the Ti/IrO2–Ta2O5 electrode.