High-Performance Ternary Nonfullerene Polymer Solar Cells with Both Improved Photon Harvesting and Device Stability
journal contributionposted on 11.07.2018, 00:00 by Manjun Xiao, Kai Zhang, Sheng Dong, Qingwu Yin, Zixian Liu, Liqian Liu, Fei Huang, Yong Cao
Efficiency and stability of polymer solar cells (PSCs) are the two most significant decisive factors for the purpose of actual applications. Here, highly efficient and stable ternary PSCs were fabricated by incorporating two well-compatible polymer donors (poly[4,8-bis(5-(2-ethylhexyl)thiophen-2-yl)benzo[1,2-b;4,5-b0]dithiophene-2,6-diyl-alt-(4-(2-ethylhexyl)-3-fluorothieno[3,4-b]thiophene-)-2-carboxylate-2-6-diyl] and poly[[9-(1-octylnonyl)-9H-carbazole-2,7-diyl]-2,5-thiophenediyl-2,1,3-benzothiadiazole-4,7-diyl-2,5-thiophenediyl]) with one narrow band gap nonfullerene acceptor (3,9-bis(2-methylene-(3-(1,1-dicyanomethylene)-indanone)-5,5,11,11-tetrakis(4-hexylphenyl)-dithieno[2,3-d:2′,3′-d′]-s-indaceno[1,2-b:5,6-b′]dithiophene)). It is found that Förster resonance energy transfer acts as an efficient pathway to further strengthen photon harvesting in this ternary system, which results in a significant improvement in current density (JSC) without sacrificing the strong absorption of binary blends in the near-infrared region. Meanwhile, both of the inverted and conventional ternary PSCs exhibit better stability compared with the related binary PSCs in air condition because of the interlocked morphology in ternary films. The optimized ternary PSCs exhibit an outstanding power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 9.53% resulting from the synchronous improvements in JSC and fill factor. Moreover, this ternary strategy can be further confirmed by the use of an ultranarrow-band gap nonfullerene acceptor IEICO-4F, and the champion PCE of ternary PSCs reaches to 12.15%.