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High-Performance Identification of Human Bladder Cancer Using a Signal Self-Amplifiable Photoacoustic Nanoprobe

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journal contribution
posted on 10.07.2018, 00:00 by Di Zhang, Ziqi Wang, Lu Wang, Zhichao Wang, Hongzhi Wang, Guangbin Li, Zeng-Ying Qiao, Wanhai Xu, Hao Wang
Cancer diagnostics has been an important research field, and identification of small lesions that are less noticeable plays a vital role in thoroughly removing the tumor, thereby reducing the recurrence rate of cancer. Herein, we synthesized a signal self-amplifiable photoacoustic (PA) liposomal nanoprobe composed by ammonium hydrogen carbonate (AHC) payload and aggregated purpurin-18 (P18) within the bilayer. Under PA laser irradiation, P18 aggregates efficiently generated local heat, leading to the launch of wide-band ultrasonic emission. In parallel, the heat also triggered the decomposition of AHC and production of CO2 bubbles, which consequently dramatically amplified the acoustic signal. For clinical translation, by decorating bladder cancer (BC) specific CD44v6 antibody onto nanoprobe, we were capable of utilizing this high sensitive and specific PA probe for human BC tissue imaging. The results indicated that small tumor lesion (<5 mm) was identified and the tumor-to-normal tissue ratio was ∼18 folds enhancement by using this PA probe, which rendered the tumor boundary distinct. All together, we developed a new strategy for exploring high-performance imaging probes, which might potentially benefit for the imaging-guided surgery in clinics.