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High-Performance Aluminum-Ion Battery with CuS@C Microsphere Composite Cathode

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journal contribution
posted on 15.12.2016, 00:00 by Shuai Wang, Shuqiang Jiao, Junxiang Wang, Hao-Sen Chen, Donghua Tian, Haiping Lei, Dai-Ning Fang
On the basis of low-cost, rich resources, and safety performance, aluminum-ion batteries have been regarded as a promising candidate for next-generation energy storage batteries in large-scale energy applications. A rechargeable aluminum-ion battery has been fabricated based on a 3D hierarchical copper sulfide (CuS) microsphere composed of nanoflakes as cathode material and room-temperature ionic liquid containing AlCl3 and 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride ([EMIm]­Cl) as electrolyte. The aluminum-ion battery with a microsphere electrode exhibits a high average discharge voltage of ∼1.0 V vs Al/AlCl4, reversible specific capacity of about 90 mA h g–1 at 20 mA g–1, and good cyclability of nearly 100% Coulombic efficiency after 100 cycles. Such remarkable electrochemical performance is attributed to the well-defined nanostructure of the cathode material facilitating the electron and ion transfer, especially for chloroaluminate ions with large size, which is desirable for aluminum-ion battery applications.