am1c12494_si_001.pdf (827.6 kB)
Download file

High-Density Ruthenium Single Atoms Anchored on Oxygen-Vacancy-Rich g‑C3N4‑C-TiO2 Heterostructural Nanosphere for Efficient Electrocatalytic Hydrogen Evolution Reaction

Download (827.6 kB)
journal contribution
posted on 22.09.2021, 14:39 by Zelin Li, Ying Yang, Shuangxi Wang, Lin Gu, Shuai Shao
Designing and constructing high-density single-atom catalysts (SACs) is vital for electrochemical hydrogen evolution to meet the demand for fundamental research and practical applications of electrocatalysis. However, it is challenging to synthesize atomically dispersed electrocatalysts with high density and high performance. Herein, an integrated g-C3N4-C-TiO2 heterostructural nanosphere with oxygen-rich vacancies is constructed by a multicomponent assembly-calcination strategy. Abundant single Ru atoms (12.4 wt %) are then anchored via the occupation of partial oxygen vacancies, forming a unique Ru/g-C3N4-C-TiO2 heterostructure. A reasonable configuration is developed including single Ru atoms bonded with two oxygens and two nitrogens and coupled with jacent oxygen vacancies on the g-C3N4-C-TiO2 nanosphere. Density functional theory calculations reveal that the remaining oxygen vacancies are beneficial for water dissociation, while single Ru atoms facilitate hydrogen adsorption. As expected, the result exhibits high electrocatalytic activity, delivering overpotentials of 112 and 107 mV at 10 mA cm–2, Tafel slopes of 83 and 65 mV dec–1 in H2SO4 and KOH, and a turnover frequency of 0.28 H2 s–1 at −100 mV toward the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER). Benefiting from the outstanding electrocatalytic performance, such a unique heterostructure with dense single Ru sites and oxygen vacancies could serve as a prominent alternative HER catalyst for renewable energy applications.