American Chemical Society
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Hierarchy Configuration Interaction: Combining Seniority Number and Excitation Degree

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journal contribution
posted on 2022-05-10, 23:43 authored by Fábris Kossoski, Yann Damour, Pierre-François Loos
We propose a novel partitioning of the Hilbert space, hierarchy configuration interaction (hCI), where the excitation degree (with respect to a given reference determinant) and the seniority number (i.e., the number of unpaired electrons) are combined in a single hierarchy parameter. The key appealing feature of hCI is that each hierarchy level accounts for all classes of determinants whose number shares the same scaling with system size. By surveying the dissociation of multiple molecular systems, we found that the overall performance of hCI usually exceeds or, at least, parallels that of excitation-based CI. For higher orders of hCI and excitation-based CI, the additional computational burden related to orbital optimization usually does not compensate the marginal improvements compared with results obtained with Hartree–Fock orbitals. The exception is orbital-optimized CI with single excitations, a minimally correlated model displaying the qualitatively correct description of single bond breaking at a very modest computational cost.