Hierarchical Porous Catalytic Pyrolysis Char Derived from Oily Sludge for Enhanced Adsorption
journal contributionposted on 31.07.2021, 17:14 by Dong Han, Xiaoyu Li, Zhiqiang Gong, Lanyue Jiang, Zhenbo Wang, Peikun Liu
A novel pyrolysis char (PC), prepared by H3PO4 catalytic pyrolysis of oily sludge (OS), was presented to remove methylene blue (MB) dye from aqueous solution for the first time. The optimal preparation conditions (catalytic pyrolysis temperature of 411 °C, H3PO4 impregnation ratio of 2.44, and catalytic pyrolysis time of 59 min) were predicted by the response surface methodology. The optimal PC exhibited favorable hierarchical porous properties, which brought a large adsorption capability (322.89 mg/g). The adsorption process fitted well with the Langmuir model and pseudo-second order model. In addition, thermodynamic parameters showed that the adsorption process was endothermic (ΔH0 > 0) and spontaneous (ΔG0 < 0). The adsorption capability was strongly influenced by coexisting metal ions due to the competitive adsorption effect. The inhibition for MB adsorption was arranged in the following order: Al3+ > Fe3+ > Mg2+ > Ca2+ > K+ > Na+. The adsorption mechanism of MB onto the OS-derived PC includes pore filling, π–π interactions, and electrostatic interactions. The as-obtained PC adsorbent exhibited good reusability performance, which leads to great potential in practical application for wastewater treatment.