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Hierarchical Hybrid Metal–Organic Frameworks: Tuning the Visible/Near-Infrared Optical Properties by a Combination of Porphyrin and Its Isomer Units

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journal contribution
posted on 15.03.2019, 17:48 by Yufeng Yang, Masatoshi Ishida, Yuhsuke Yasutake, Susumu Fukatsu, Chihoko Fukakusa, Masa-aki Morikawa, Teppei Yamada, Nobuo Kimizuka, Hiroyuki Furuta
Hybrid metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) with core/shell-like hierarchical structure comprised of zirconium metal and porphyrin (e.g., TPP) and its isomer, N-confused porphyrin (NCP), were synthesized through a seed-mediated reaction. The hierarchical structures of hybrid MOFs were characterized by the microscopic image analyses (e.g., scanning electron microscope (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) spectrometry, and confocal laser scanning microscope (CLSM)). Taking advantage of the intrinsic light-harvesting properties of the porphyrin dye and the N-confused isomer, changing the core/shell layer structures of hybrid MOFs allows for tuning of the visible-to-near-infrared (NIR) absorption/emission characters, excited-state energy migrations, and photosensitization capabilities. The Förster energy transfer event occurring in the bulk MOF samples by photoexcitation enabled us to control the photoinduced singlet oxygen generation through the comprehensive light-harvesting ability of these hybrid porphyrinic MOFs. Therefore, implementation of a precisely designed porphyrin “substitute” into the MOF-based materials indeed provides a new mimic of the photosynthetic pigment system and should be potentially applicable for solar-light-driven devices.