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Heteroatom-Substituted Constrained-Geometry Complexes. Dramatic Substituent Effect on Catalyst Efficiency and Polymer Molecular Weight

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journal contribution
posted on 26.05.2001, 00:00 by Jerzy Klosin, William J. Kruper, Peter N. Nickias, Gordon R. Roof, Phillip De Waele, Khalil A. Abboud
The new constrained-geometry complexes (CGC) [(η5-C9H5X)(SiMe2-t-Bu)TiR2 (X = 2-OEt (1a,b), 2-NMe2 (2a,b) , 3-OMe (3a,b), 3-NC4H4 (4a,b); R = Cl, Me) have been synthesized with alkoxy and amino substituents attached to a second and third indenyl position. Four of the new complexes (1a4a) have been characterized by single-crystal X-ray analysis. An ethylene/1-octene copolymerization study revealed an enormous substituent effect, both on the catalysts' activity and the molecular weight of produced polymers. The 3-amino-substituted complex 4b exhibits the highest catalytic activity and forms the highest molecular weight ethylene/octene copolymers that have ever been reported for this class of catalysts.