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Hematite with the Urchinlike Structure: Its Shape-Selective Synthesis, Magnetism, and Enhanced Photocatalytic Performance after TiO2 Encapsulation

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journal contribution
posted on 14.01.2010, 00:00 by Suyuan Zeng, Kaibin Tang, Tanwei Li, Zhenhua Liang
In this work, a facile route using simple a hydrothermal reaction and sequential calcinations for the selective synthesis of 3D α-Fe2O3 urchinlike nanostructures without employing templates or matrixes is presented. By hydrolyzing FeCl3 in the solution containing different anions (SO42−, Cl, NO3, ClO3, ClO4, C2O4, Br), product with certain morphology can be selectively synthesized. The effect of inorganic anions on the morphologies and sizes of the products was systematically investigated. A probable formation mechanism for the urchinlike nanostructure was proposed. Magnetic hysteresis measurements of the as-obtained products reveal that magnetic properties of products were shape-dependent. The as-obtained α-Fe2O3 nanostructures show photocatalytic activity on the decomposition of RhB upon irradiation by the UV light. The photocatalytic performance can be further enhanced by TiO2 coating.