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Gut Microbiota from Short-Chain Chlorinated Paraffin-Exposed Mice Promotes Astrocyte Activation by Disrupting the Intestinal Tight Junction via Zonulin Upregulation
journal contributionposted on 2023-05-19, 11:05 authored by Xinyuan Zhao, Tao Zhang, Yudan Zheng, Zixuan Zhao, Wenjie Ding, Ziyang Zhang, Zeyao Zhang, Rui Wang, Man Jiao, Lei Liu, Shali Yu, Xiaoke Wang, Rongrong Huang, Qiyun Wu
Short-chain chlorinated paraffins (SCCPs) are novel toxicants in food and are reported to possess neurotoxicity. Here, we investigated the mechanism of SCCP-induced astrocyte activation and neuroinflammation. SCCP gavage induced astrocyte activation and neuronal cell death with the changes of gut microbiome and metabolites. Antibiotic cocktail administration to deplete the gut microbiome ameliorated the astrocyte activation and inflammation induced by SCCPs. In fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) assays, mice that received transplanted gut microbiome from SCCP-treated mice showed increased astrocyte activation and elevated inflammatory response. In addition, SCCP exposure promotes zonulin expression and tight junction injury, and antibiotic cocktail administration inhibited that in the intestinal tract. Increased zonulin and tight junction injury were also observed in SCCPs_FMT mice. The zonulin inhibition protected the tight junction in the intestinal tract from SCCP exposure and suppressed astrocyte activation. In summary, this study proposes a novel possibility for SCCP-induced astrocyte activation and neurotoxicity by the gut microbiome-mediated zonulin expression and tight junction.
neuronal cell deathelevated inflammatory responsechain chlorinated paraffinschain chlorinated paraffinantibiotic cocktail administrationzonulin inhibition protectedmediated zonulin expressionfecal microbiota transplantationsuppressed astrocyte activationtight junction injurygut microbiome amelioratedinduced astrocyte activationastrocyte activationtight junctiongut microbiotagut microbiomeincreased zonulininflammation inducedstudy proposesnovel toxicantsnovel possibilityintestinal tractalso observed