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Gustatory Receptor 206 Participates in the Foraging Behavior of Larvae of Polyphagous Pest Spodoptera litura

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posted on 2024-05-15, 18:12 authored by Jian-Qiao Li, Yu-Wen Chen, Qian Wang, Mao-Zhu Yin, Sai Ma, Qiang Liu, Xin-Yao Sun, Wen-Jing Zhang, Yan-Yan Yang, Ding-Ze Mang, Xiu-Yun Zhu, Liang Sun, Ya-Nan Zhang
Insect gustatory receptors (GRs) aid in the precise identification of deterrent or stimulant compounds associated with food, mating, and egg-laying. Thus, they are promising targets for developing efficient insecticides. Here, 61 GRs in the chemosensory organs of Spodoptera litura larvae and adults were identified. Among them, SlitGR206 exhibited larval labium (LL)-specific expression characteristics. To explore the role of SlitGR206, a bacterial expression system was established to produce high-quality double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) and suppress SlitGR206 expression in LL. Subsequent behavioral assessments revealed that SlitGR206 silencing influenced larval feeding preferences and absorption. Moreover, it was found to reduce the ability of larvae to forage the five crucial host odorants. These findings demonstrate that SlitGR206 likely plays an indirect regulatory role in host recognition, consequently affecting foraging behavior. This provides a crucial foundation for the analysis of functional diversity among insect GRs and the precise development of nucleic acid pesticides in the future.

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