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Green Fabrication of Tannic Acid-Inspired Magnetic Composite Nanoparticles toward Cationic Dye Capture and Selective Degradation

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journal contribution
posted on 21.03.2020, 17:43 by Yihui Qian, Shengqiu Chen, Chao He, Chen Ye, Weifeng Zhao, Shudong Sun, Yi Xie, Changsheng Zhao
An environmental strategy for developing sustainable materials presents an attractive prospect for wastewater remediation. Herein, a facile, green, and economical strategy is proposed to fabricate magnetic composite nanoparticles (NPs) toward cationic dye adsorption and selective degradation. To prepare the composite TiO2-PEI-TA@Fe3O4 NPs, tannic acid (TA) and polyethyleneimine (PEI) were first used to decorate Fe3O4 NPs at aqueous solution, and then TiO2 NPs were anchored onto the surfaces of Fe3O4 NPs based on the catecholamine chemistry. The chemical composition and microstructure of the obtained NPs were systematically characterized. The NPs not only exhibited adsorption ability for the cationic dye of methylene blue (MB) but also responded to ultraviolet light to selectively degrade the adsorbed MB, and the removal (adsorption and/or degradation) ratio for MB could reach 95%. In addition, cyclic experiments showed that the removal ratio of the composite NPs for MB could still be maintained more than 85% even after five cycles. Given by the above-mentioned advantages, such a green and facile strategy for combining the adsorption and degradation methods to construct magnetic nanocomposites exhibits potential applications in cationic dye selective removal and sustainable wastewater remediation.