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Graphene Aerogels Decorated with α‑FeOOH Nanoparticles for Efficient Adsorption of Arsenic from Contaminated Waters

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posted on 13.05.2015, 00:00 authored by Ivan Andjelkovic, Diana N. H. Tran, Shervin Kabiri, Sara Azari, Marijana Markovic, Dusan Losic
Arsenic (As) is the world’s most hazardous chemical found in drinking water of many countries; therefore, there is an urgent need for the development of low-cost adsorbents for its removal. Here, we report a highly versatile and synthetic route for the preparation of a three-dimensional (3D) graphene–iron oxide nanoparticle aerogel composite for the efficient removal of As from contaminated water. This unique three-dimensional (3D) interconnected network was prepared from natural graphite rocks with a simple reaction, without the use of harsh chemicals, which combines with the exfoliation of graphene oxide (GO) sheets via the reduction of ferrous ion to form a graphene aerogel composite decorated with iron oxide nanoparticles. The prepared adsorbent showed outstanding absorption performance for the removal of As from contaminated water, because of its high surface-to-volume ratio and characteristic pore network in the 3D architecture. The performed case study using real drinking water contaminated with As under batch conditions showed successful removal of arsenic to the concentration recommended by the World Health Organisation (WHO).

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