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Gold Nanostars Combined with the Searched Antibody for Targeted Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma Therapy

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posted on 2022-05-23, 05:44 authored by Lingling Cai, Yanxing Wang, Xiangrong Peng, Wenjing Li, Ying Yuan, Xiaofeng Tao, Xinwei Yao, Ruichan Lv
Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is the most common cancer in the oral and maxillofacial region. Due to the special physiological and anatomical position of the oral cavity, the disease often has a significant impact on the chewing, swallowing, language, and breathing functions of patients. In recent years, with the development of medical molecular biology, molecular targeted therapy has received increasing clinical attention and has gradually become a new method for the treatment of malignant tumors. In this research, gold nanostars with a high photothermal effect combined with the searched targeted antibody were used for OSCC therapy. We use the data set in the public database and construct a gene co-expression module by weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA). It was found that the turquoise module and the midnight blue module had the greatest connection to tumorigenesis. Cytoscape software was used to analyze the important modules, and the top 10 genes of each module were selected; the survival analysis of the top 10 genes was carried out by gene expression profiling interactive analysis (GEPIA), which indicated that these genes (SERP­INH1, MMP11, ADAM12, FADS3, SLC36A2, C1QTNF7, SCRG1, and APOBEC2) have statistical significance as key genes that are related to the tumorigenesis of OSCC. Then, the anti-SERP­INH1 antibody targeted to SERP­INH1 was chosen as the inhibitor and combined with gold nanostars for photothermal assisted targeted therapy. Thus, the searched key genes can be regarded as biomarkers and therapeutic targets for further precise diagnosis.

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