Gold Nanorod−Photosensitizer Complex for Near-Infrared Fluorescence Imaging and Photodynamic/Photothermal Therapy In Vivo
journal contributionposted on 22.02.2011, 00:00 by Boseung Jang, Jin-Young Park, Ching-Hsuan Tung, In-Hoo Kim, Yongdoo Choi
A gold nanorod (GNR)−photosensitizer complex was developed for noninvasive near-infrared fluorescence imaging and cancer therapy. We showed that (a) fluorescence emission and singlet oxygen generation by AlPcS4 were quenched after complex formation with GNRs; (b) 4-fold greater intracellular uptake and better in vitro phototoxicity were observed in GNR−AlPcS4-treated cells than in free AlPcS4-treated cells; and (c) after intravenous injection of the GNR−AlPcS4 complex, tumor sites were clearly identified on near-infrared fluorescence images as early as 1 h after injection. The tumor-to-background ratio increased over time and was 3.7 at 24 h; tumor growth reduced by 79% with photodynamic therapy (PDT) alone and by 95% with dual photothermal therapy (PTT) and PDT. This novel multifunctional nanomedicine may be useful for near-infrared fluorescence imaging and PTT/PDT in various cancers.