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Geochemical Characteristics and the Origin of Superdeep Condensates in Tarim Basin, China

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journal contribution
posted on 11.03.2021, 11:29 by Jingfei Li, Zhiyao Zhang, Guangyou Zhu, Kun Zhao, Linxian Chi, Pengju Wang, Yongjin Chen
A series of trace compounds (diamondoids, ethanodiamondoids, and thiadiamondoids) were detected through two-dimensional gas chromatography/time-of-flight mass spectrometry (GC × GC-TOFMS) analysis of Ordovician condensate samples from the Tazhong area. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis showed that the biomarker parameters are less effective for high-maturity oils. Carbon isotope and geochemical features suggested that the gas is a high-temperature cracking gas when its temperature is higher than 170 °C. The H2S content is 8.27%, suggesting that it is affected by thermochemical sulfate reduction (TSR). However, the geological analysis indicated that the Ordovician reservoirs do not satisfy the conditions for TSR. The high-maturity oil in the Ordovician reservoirs may generate diamondoids and ethanodiamondoids when cracking, while TSR and severe cracking occur in deep Cambrian source rocks and produce a large number of diamondoids, ethanodiamondoids, organic sulfur compounds (OSCs), etc. The secondary geochemical products that are carried up by the dry gas and migrate upward through faults and are enriched in Ordovician crude oil reservoirs. On this basis, we proposed that the condensate presented was formed by the mixing of dry gas from Cambrian oil that was altered by cracking and TSR into Ordovician in situ slightly cracked oil, therefore speculating that the favorable reservoir–seal assemblages in this area may contain abundant oil and gas resources. Consequently, improved knowledge of secondary alteration effects on the reservoir and underground fluids is vital for oil and gas prediction and exploration development in the next step.