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Genomic DNA Interactions Mechanize Peptidotoxin-Mediated Anticancer Nanotherapy

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journal contribution
posted on 25.05.2017, 00:00 authored by Santosh K. Misra, Aaron S. Schwartz-Duval, Dipanjan Pan
Host defense peptides (HDPs) are a class of evolutionarily conserved substances of the innate immune response that have been identified as major players in the defense system in many living organisms. Some of the HDPs are also referred to as peptidotoxins, which offer immense potential for anticancer therapy. However, their therapeutic potential is yet to be fully translated mainly due to their off-target toxicity. Here we show that their nanoenabled delivery may become beneficial in controlling their delivery in intracellular space. We introduced an amphiphilic polymer to synthesize a well-defined, self-assembled, rigid-cored polymeric nanoarchitecture for controlled delivery of three model peptidotoxins, i.e., melittin, TSAP-1, and a negative control peptide of synthetic origin. Interestingly, our results revealed strong interaction of peptidotoxins with duplex plasmid DNA. Extensive biophysical characterization (UV–vis spectroscopy, gel electrophoresis, MTT assay, and flow assisted cell sorting) experimentally verified that peptidotoxins were able to interact with genomic DNA in vitro and in turn influence the cancer cell growth. Thus, we unraveled that, through genomic DNA regulation, peptidotoxins can play a role in cell cycle regulation and exert their anticancer activities.

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