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General Strategy to Fabricate Porous Co-Based Bimetallic Metal Oxide Nanosheets for High-Performance CO Sensing

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journal contribution
posted on 25.05.2021, 15:41 by Cong Qin, Bing Wang, Nan Wu, Cheng Han, Yingde Wang
Two-dimensional (2D) porous bimetallic oxide nanosheets are attractive for high-performance gas sensing because of their porous structures, high surface areas, and cooperative effects. Nevertheless, it is still a huge challenge to synthesize these nanomaterials. Herein, we report a general strategy to fabricate porous cobalt-based bimetallic oxide nanosheets (Co–M–O NSs, M = Cu, Mn, Ni, and Zn) with an adjustable Co/M ratio and the homogeneous composition using metal–organic framework (MOF) nanosheets as precursors. The obtained Co–M–O NS possesses the porous nanosheet structure and ultrahigh specific surface areas (146.4–220.7 m2 g–1), which enhance the adsorption of CO molecules, support the transport of electrons, and expose abundant active sites for CO-sensing reaction. As a result, the Co–M–O NS exhibited excellent sensing performances including high response, low working temperature, fast response–recovery, good selectivity and stability, and ppb-level detection limitation toward CO. In particular, the Co–Mn–O NS showed the highest response of 264% to 100 ppm CO at low temperature (175 °C). We propose that the excellent sensing performance is ascribed to the specific porous nanosheet structure, the relatively highly active Co3+ ratio resulting from cation substitution, and large amounts of chemisorbed oxygen species on the surface. Such a general strategy can also be introduced to design noble-metal-free bimetallic metal oxide nanosheets for gas sensing, catalysis, and other energy-related fields.