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General Strategy for Rapid Production of Low-Dimensional All-Inorganic CsPbBr3 Perovskite Nanocrystals with Controlled Dimensionalities and Sizes

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journal contribution
posted on 24.01.2018, 12:21 authored by Wenna Liu, Jinju Zheng, Sheng Cao, Lin Wang, Fengmei Gao, Kuo-Chih Chou, Xinmei Hou, Weiyou Yang
Currently, all-inorganic CsPbX3 (X = Br, I, Cl) perovskite nanocrystals (NCs) are shining stars with exciting potential applications in optoelectronic devices such as solar cells, light-emitting diodes, lasers, and photodetectors, due to their superior performance in comparison to their organic–inorganic hybrid counterparts. In the present work, we report a general strategy based on a microwave technique for the rapid production of low-dimensional all-inorganic CsPbBr3 perovskite NCs with tunable morphologies within minutes. The effect of the key parameters such as the introduced ligands, solvents, and PbBr2 precursors and microwave powers as well as the irradiation times on the production of perovskite NCs was systematically investigated, which allowed their growth with tunable dimensionalities and sizes. As a proof of concept, the ratio of OA to OAm as well as the concentration of PbBr2 precursor played important roles in triggering the anisotropic growth of the perovskite NCs, favoring their growth into 1D/2D single-crystalline nanostructures. Meanwhile, their sizes could be tailored by controlling the microwave powers and irradiation times. The mechanism for the tunable growth of perovskite NCs is discussed.