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General Expressions for Carr–Purcell–Meiboom–Gill Relaxation Dispersion for N‑Site Chemical Exchange

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journal contribution
posted on 24.07.2018, 00:00 by Hans Koss, Mark Rance, Arthur G. Palmer
The Carr–Purcell–Meiboom–Gill (CPMG) nuclear magnetic resonance experiment is widely used to characterize chemical exchange phenomena in biological macromolecules. Theoretical expressions for the nuclear spin relaxation rate constant for two-site chemical exchange during CPMG pulse trains valid for all time scales are well-known as are descriptions of N-site exchange in the fast limit. We have obtained theoretical expressions for N-site exchange outside of the fast limit by using approximations to an average Liouvillian describing the decay of magnetization during a CPMG pulse train. We obtain general expressions for CPMG experiments for any N-site scheme and all experimentally accessible time scales. For sufficiently slow chemical exchange, we obtain closed-form expressions for the relaxation rate constant and a general characteristic polynomial for arbitrary kinetic schemes. Furthermore, we highlight features that qualitatively characterize CPMG curves obtained for various N-site kinetic topologies, quantitatively characterize CPMG curves obtained from systems in various N-site exchange situations, and test distinguishability of kinetic models.