Gas-Phase Interaction of H2S with O2: A Kinetic and Quantum Chemistry Study of the Potential Energy Surface
journal contributionposted on 17.02.2005, 00:00 by Alejandro Montoya, Karina Sendt, Brian S. Haynes
Quantum chemical calculations were carried out to study the interaction of hydrogen sulfide with molecular oxygen in the gas phase. The basic mechanism, the rates of reaction, and the potential energy surface were calculated. Isomers and transition states that connect the reactants with intermediates and products of reaction were identified using the G2 method and B3LYP/6-311+G(3df,2p) functional. Hydrogen abstraction to form HO2 + SH is the dominant product channel and proceeds through a loose transition state well-described at the level of calculation employed. The temperature dependence of the rate coefficient in the range 300−3000 K has been determined on the basis of the ab initio potential energy surface and with variational transition-state theory. The reaction is 169.5 kJ mol-1 endothermic at 0 K with a rate constant given by 2.77 × 105 T2.76 exp(−19 222/T) cm3 mol-1 s-1 and should proceed slowly under atmospheric thermal conditions, but it offers a route to the initiation of H2S combustion at relatively low temperatures.