American Chemical Society
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Gamma-Irradiated Carbon Nanotube Yarn As Substrate for High-Performance Fiber Supercapacitors

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journal contribution
posted on 2014-02-26, 00:00 authored by Fenghua Su, Menghe Miao, Haitao Niu, Zhixiang Wei
As an electrical double layer capacitor, dry-spun carbon nanotube yarn possesses relatively low specific capacitance. This can be significantly increased as a result of the pseudocapacitance of functional groups on the carbon nanotubes developed by oxidation using a gamma irradiation treatment in the presence of air. When coated with high-performance polyaniline nanowires, the gamma-irradiated carbon nanotube yarn acts as a high-strength reinforcement and a high-efficiency current collector in two-ply yarn supercapacitors for transporting charges generated along the long electrodes. The resulting supercapacitors demonstrate excellent electrochemical performance, cycle stability, and resistance to folding–unfolding that are required in wearable electronic textiles.