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G‑Quadruplex DNA- and RNA-Specific-Binding Proteins Engineered from the RGG Domain of TLS/FUS

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journal contribution
posted on 20.11.2015, 00:00 by Kentaro Takahama, Arisa Miyawaki, Takumi Shitara, Keita Mitsuya, Masayuki Morikawa, Masaki Hagihara, Katsuhito Kino, Ayumu Yamamoto, Takanori Oyoshi
Human telomere DNA (Htelo) and telomeric repeat-containing RNA (TERRA) are integral telomere components containing the short DNA repeats d­(TTAGGG) and RNA repeats r­(UUAGGG), respectively. Htelo and TERRA form G-quadruplexes, but the biological significance of their G-quadruplex formation in telomeres is unknown. Compounds that selectively bind G-quadruplex DNA and RNA are useful for understanding the functions of each G-quadruplex. Here we report that engineered Arg-Gly-Gly repeat (RGG) domains of translocated in liposarcoma containing only Phe (RGGF) and Tyr (RGGY) specifically bind and stabilize the G-quadruplexes of Htelo and TERRA, respectively. Moreover, RGGF inhibits trimethylation of both histone H4 at lysine 20 and histone H3 at lysine 9 at telomeres, while RGGY inhibits only H3 trimethylation in living cells. These findings indicate that G-quadruplexes of Htelo and TERRA have distinct functions in telomere histone methylation.